Outcomes Research

A Comparison of Day Vs. Night In-Patient Cardiopulmonary Arrest Outcomes in a Large Academic Hospital

Background: Code Blues, or in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrests, are high intensity, often fatal events occurring frequently within the hospital. National data reviews estimate that survival to discharge following an in-hospital cardiac event is about 24.4%. Further [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on A Comparison of Day Vs. Night In-Patient Cardiopulmonary Arrest Outcomes in a Large Academic Hospital

A Comparison of Occlusion Rates in Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters and Other Intravenous Devices: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are increasingly used in the care of hospitalized patients. While major complications such as venous thromboembolism and central line-associated bloodstream infection related to PICCs have been well reported, comparatively [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on A Comparison of Occlusion Rates in Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters and Other Intravenous Devices: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Analyses of Real-World Treatment Patterns Among Hospitalized Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd) Patients with Low Peak Inspiratory Flow: Interim Findings from a Prospective Observational Study

Background: Research suggests that COPD patients with low peak inspiratory flow rate (PIFR,

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Analyses of Real-World Treatment Patterns Among Hospitalized Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd) Patients with Low Peak Inspiratory Flow: Interim Findings from a Prospective Observational Study

Assessment of Clinical Practice and Type of Stent Placed in Hiv+ Patients Presenting with St Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Background: Studies have shown that drug eluting stents outperform bare metal stents in the need for revascularization in myocardial infarction patients. We sought to identify the current practice in HIV positive patients presenting with ST [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Assessment of Clinical Practice and Type of Stent Placed in Hiv+ Patients Presenting with St Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Association of Doctor-Patient Relationship Strength with Advance Care Planning

Background: Advance care planning (ACP) is recommended to improve compliance with patient end-of-life wishes and to ensure appropriate use of healthcare resources. However, most American adults have neither living wills nor advance directives. Hospital physicians [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Association of Doctor-Patient Relationship Strength with Advance Care Planning

Blood Transfusion Pattern in Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Us Population Based Study

Background: Over the last two decades concerns have been raised about the potential risk of blood transfusion over the benefits. General restrictive red blood cell (RBC) transfusion approach for anemic hospitalized patients (thresh hold of [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Blood Transfusion Pattern in Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Us Population Based Study

Confidence in Correct Inhaler Device Technique and Its Association with Health Status and Patient Satisfaction: An Analysis of Real-World Us Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd) Patients

Background: Correct inhaler technique for COPD medications is essential to achieving optimum delivery into the lungs. Evidence suggests that poor technique is widespread and linked to poor efficacy and adherence. However, the direct relationship between [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Confidence in Correct Inhaler Device Technique and Its Association with Health Status and Patient Satisfaction: An Analysis of Real-World Us Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd) Patients

Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Stemi Patients with and Without Chronic Kidney Disease

Background: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with adverse outcomes; however, there is scarce data comparing clinical outcomes of post-PCI CIN in STEMI patients with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD). [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Finalist, Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Stemi Patients with and Without Chronic Kidney Disease

Detecting Sepsis: Are Two Opinions Better Than One?

Background: Early diagnosis and treatment of sepsis improves patient outcomes. Diagnosis requires an objective component (currently at least two Systemic Inflammatory Response Criteria, SIRS) and a subjective, clinical suspicion of infection.  While much attention has [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Finalist, Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Detecting Sepsis: Are Two Opinions Better Than One?

Diagnostic Discordance and Inter-Hospital Transfer Outcomes

Background:  Transitions of care, whether between or within institutions, are an important source of errors, inefficiency, and unnecessary costs.  Inter-hospital transfers are complicated by incongruent information systems, indirect and asynchronous communication, and geographical distance all [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Diagnostic Discordance and Inter-Hospital Transfer Outcomes

Does Early Feeding Reduce Length of Hospital Stay in Acute Pancreatitis? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background: Acute pancreatitis is among the most common and costly reasons for hospitalization in the United States. While bowel rest, pain control, and intravenous fluids are the cornerstone of treatment, recent evidence suggests that early [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Does Early Feeding Reduce Length of Hospital Stay in Acute Pancreatitis? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

External Validation of Prognostic Rules for In-Hospital Post-Pulmonary Embolism Mortality: Assessment of a Claims-Based and Three Clinical-Based Approaches

Background: The In-hospital Mortality for Pulmonary embolism using Claims daTa (IMPACT) rule has been validated in a number of commercial and all-payer claims databases; classifying pulmonary embolism (PE) patients into low- and higher-risk in-hospital all-cause [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on External Validation of Prognostic Rules for In-Hospital Post-Pulmonary Embolism Mortality: Assessment of a Claims-Based and Three Clinical-Based Approaches

Ferumoxytol Enhancement of Osteomyelitis on Mri May Improve Diagnostic Precision

Background: Diagnostic MR imaging of osteomyelitis in the hospital setting continues to guide patient care and treatment when plain films are inconclusive. However, even MRI with gadolinium can be non-specific in patients with other forms [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Ferumoxytol Enhancement of Osteomyelitis on Mri May Improve Diagnostic Precision

Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Urinary Catheterization and Antibiotic Optimization

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common infection associated with antibiotic misuse. Catheter-associated UTI (CAUTI) is the largest reservoir of nosocomial antibiotic-resistant pathogens, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Health-care associated urinary tract infection is also [...]

By | 2016-02-01T08:00:34+00:00 February 1st, 2016|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Urinary Catheterization and Antibiotic Optimization