Outcomes Research

‘REVERSE WEEKEND EFFECT’ IN MEDICINE: NOVEL PHENOMENON OF CLINICAL OUTCOMES OF HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS

Background: Several studies have shown increased mortality and readmission rate in patients admitted to hospitals over the weekend. This “weekend effect” has been well-described for several medical conditions and has been attributed to several factors. [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:20:31+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on ‘REVERSE WEEKEND EFFECT’ IN MEDICINE: NOVEL PHENOMENON OF CLINICAL OUTCOMES OF HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS

30-DAY HOSPITAL READMISSION IS A PREDICTOR OF HIGHER ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY FOR UP TO TWO YEARS

Background: Readmissions within 30 days of discharge is used as a quality metric for the care of hospitalized patients. However, its prognostic value for patient outcomes has not been examined. We hypothesized that patients who [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:20:04+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on 30-DAY HOSPITAL READMISSION IS A PREDICTOR OF HIGHER ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY FOR UP TO TWO YEARS

ACUITY-BASED NIGHTTIME VITAL SIGN ASSESSMENTS: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Background: Sleep disruptions for routine care, such as vital sign assessments, are common during hospitalization and are associated with negative health outcomes and patient satisfaction. While higher risk patients may benefit from increased monitoring at [...]

By | 2019-03-12T15:47:11+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Oral Presentations, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on ACUITY-BASED NIGHTTIME VITAL SIGN ASSESSMENTS: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITOR REDUCES THE INCIDENCE OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION IN HEART FAILURE WITH PRESERVED EJECTION FRACTION PATIENTS: A RETROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY FROM THE TOPCAT TRIAL

Background: Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) share several risk factors including coronary artery disease, hypertension, smoking, obesity, diabetes, and renal disease, as well as common pathophysiologic pathway involving activation of the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system, [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:19:49+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITOR REDUCES THE INCIDENCE OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION IN HEART FAILURE WITH PRESERVED EJECTION FRACTION PATIENTS: A RETROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY FROM THE TOPCAT TRIAL

ASPIRIN EFFICACY AND SAFETY PROFILE FOR PRIMARY PREVENTION IN DIABETIC PATIENTS: A META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS

Background: The role of aspirin in primary prevention of cardiovascular events remains controversial, Especially in diabetic patients. We have conducted a meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:19:16+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on ASPIRIN EFFICACY AND SAFETY PROFILE FOR PRIMARY PREVENTION IN DIABETIC PATIENTS: A META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS

ASSOCIATION OF HOSPITAL READMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION WITH READMISSION RATE AND MORTALITY OUTCOME IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS WITH ACUTE EXACERBATION OF COPD (AECOPD)

Background: Hospital Readmission Reduction Program(HRRP) implemented by CMS as part of Affordable Care Act (ACA) applies financial penalties to hospitals that have higher-than-expected readmission rates for common conditions such as AMI, pneumonia, and HF. CMS [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:20:00+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on ASSOCIATION OF HOSPITAL READMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION WITH READMISSION RATE AND MORTALITY OUTCOME IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS WITH ACUTE EXACERBATION OF COPD (AECOPD)

ASSOCIATION OF POST PARACENTESIS ALBUMIN DOSAGE AND ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS

Background: Large volume paracentesis is commonly performed in patients with refractory ascites but can induce hypotension and kidney injury. There is evidence that administering albumin at 6-8 grams per liter (g/L) of ascites removed during [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:19:15+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on ASSOCIATION OF POST PARACENTESIS ALBUMIN DOSAGE AND ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS

ASSOCIATION OF SOCIOECONOMIC AND RACIAL DISPARITIES WITH HEALTHCARE UTILIZATION AND OUTCOMES IN OPIOID OVERDOSE RELATED HOSPITALIZATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES: INSIGHTS FROM NATIONAL INPATIENT SAMPLE FROM 2012 THROUGH 2014

Background: While prescription opioids have a role in treating certain pain conditions, their injudicious use has led to an epidemic with myriad adverse outcomes. We sought to evaluate the association of socioeconomic and racial disparities [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:19:21+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on ASSOCIATION OF SOCIOECONOMIC AND RACIAL DISPARITIES WITH HEALTHCARE UTILIZATION AND OUTCOMES IN OPIOID OVERDOSE RELATED HOSPITALIZATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES: INSIGHTS FROM NATIONAL INPATIENT SAMPLE FROM 2012 THROUGH 2014

CHARACTERISTICS OF AND PROCESS MEASURES FOR EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT PATIENTS INITIALLY IDENTIFIED AS SEPSIS BY EITHER SOFA OR SIRS CRITERIA

Background: Depending on the criterion applied, the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) criteria initially identify distinct populations that present to the emergency department (ED) with suspected sepsis [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:19:54+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on CHARACTERISTICS OF AND PROCESS MEASURES FOR EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT PATIENTS INITIALLY IDENTIFIED AS SEPSIS BY EITHER SOFA OR SIRS CRITERIA

CHARACTERIZING SEPSIS ENCOUNTERS ACROSS COMMUNITY AND QUARTERNARY HOSPITALS WITHIN ACADEMIC HEALTH SYSTEM

Background: Sepsis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients . Early and appropriate therapy has been shown to improve outcomes, making early diagnosis and intervention critical . However, recognition and treatment [...]

By | 2019-03-11T14:20:15+00:00 March 11th, 2019|Hospital Medicine 2019, Outcomes Research, Research|Comments Off on CHARACTERIZING SEPSIS ENCOUNTERS ACROSS COMMUNITY AND QUARTERNARY HOSPITALS WITHIN ACADEMIC HEALTH SYSTEM