Outcomes Research

A COMPARISON OF OUTCOMES OF PATIENTS WITH CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE AND PNEUMONIA AMONG TEACHING AND NONTEACHING SERVICES

Background:   Congestive heart failure (CHF) and pneumonia are amongst the leading causes of hospitalization in the United States.  Although a growing number of hospitals use both teaching and nonteaching hospitalist services for patient care, [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:12:08+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on A COMPARISON OF OUTCOMES OF PATIENTS WITH CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE AND PNEUMONIA AMONG TEACHING AND NONTEACHING SERVICES

A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY REVEALS AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE USE AND MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

Background:  Electronic cigarettes (E-cigarettes) have grown in popularity as an alternative to traditional cigarettes especially among consumers who want to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality associated with smoking. Nonetheless, a recent study showed that [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:05:28+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY REVEALS AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE USE AND MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

A RISK TOOL TO PREDICT CENTRAL LINE-ASSOCIATED BLOODSTREAM INFECTION IN PATIENTS WITH PICCS

Background: Evidence suggests that risk of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) between patients with traditional central venous catheters (CVC) vs. peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) is similar. However, how best to predict CLABSI in patients [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:11:39+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on A RISK TOOL TO PREDICT CENTRAL LINE-ASSOCIATED BLOODSTREAM INFECTION IN PATIENTS WITH PICCS

ANTIMOTILITY USE IN PATIENTS WITH C DIFFICILE–POTENTIALLY SAFE?

Title: ANTI-MOTILITY USE IN PATIENTS WITH C. DIFFICILE --POTENTIALLY SAFE? Background: Anti-motility agents have typically been avoided in patients with Clostridium difficile diarrheal infections (CDI) due to fear of gastrointestinal complications such as toxic mega-colon. [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:01:11+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on ANTIMOTILITY USE IN PATIENTS WITH C DIFFICILE–POTENTIALLY SAFE?

BURDEN OF 30-DAY READMISSIONS FOLLOWING HOSPITALIZATION FOR PNEUMONIA IN YOUNG AND MIDDLE-AGED ADULTS

Background: While pattern of readmissions in young survivors of acute myocardial infarction and heart failure has been described, burden of 30-day readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia in young adults is poorly understood. Further, gender differences [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:01:15+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on BURDEN OF 30-DAY READMISSIONS FOLLOWING HOSPITALIZATION FOR PNEUMONIA IN YOUNG AND MIDDLE-AGED ADULTS

COPING SELF-EFFICACY IN HIV-POSITIVE PATIENTS: WHAT THE NUMBERS LOOK LIKE

Background: As of 2016, there are approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV around the world. HIV infection is associated with tremendous psychological burden. Improvements in coping methods would be highly beneficial in this scenario. [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:09:38+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on COPING SELF-EFFICACY IN HIV-POSITIVE PATIENTS: WHAT THE NUMBERS LOOK LIKE

EFFECTIVENESS OF AN ADVANCED PRACTICE MODEL OF CARE ON POST-ACUTE OUTCOMES IN A TRANSITIONAL CARE UNIT

Background: The convergence of rising post-acute health care costs with incomparable outcomes havemade reform a priority resulting in the development of new models of care that often extend the scope of practice andjob duties among [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:05:10+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on EFFECTIVENESS OF AN ADVANCED PRACTICE MODEL OF CARE ON POST-ACUTE OUTCOMES IN A TRANSITIONAL CARE UNIT

FACTORS AFFECTING HOSPITAL VISITS AND LENGTH OF STAY IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH SICKLE CELL DISEASE

Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects about 100,000 people in the US. The disease causes significant mortality, morbidity and frequent hospitalizations secondary to primary manifestations of the disease and its complications. We conducted a retrospective, [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:06:56+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on FACTORS AFFECTING HOSPITAL VISITS AND LENGTH OF STAY IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH SICKLE CELL DISEASE

IDENTIFYING GAPS IN CARE OF MALNOURISHED PATIENTS AND THE EFFECTS ON LENGTH OF STAY AND READMISSION IN AN ACUTE CARE SETTING

Background: Malnourished patients compose 25% to 54% of the admitted patient population. Much attention has been given to identifying these malnourished patients. However, few published articles have focused on identifying the gaps in care that [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:02:04+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on IDENTIFYING GAPS IN CARE OF MALNOURISHED PATIENTS AND THE EFFECTS ON LENGTH OF STAY AND READMISSION IN AN ACUTE CARE SETTING

IMPACT OF INPATIENT PENICILLIN ALLERGY TESTING ON ANTIBIOTIC SELECTION DURING HOSPITALIZATION

Background: A documented penicillin allergy is associated with increased length of hospital stay and an increased incidence of Clostridium difficile, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant enterocci. These findings are attributed to use of broader-spectrum ‘second-line’ [...]

By | 2017-04-20T18:59:51+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on IMPACT OF INPATIENT PENICILLIN ALLERGY TESTING ON ANTIBIOTIC SELECTION DURING HOSPITALIZATION

IMPACTS OF ANXIOLYTIC MEDICATION TYPE ON INTENSIVE CARE UNIT LENGTH OF STAY

Background: Mechanically ventilated patients are often administered analgesic medications such as dexmedetomidine (DEX) and lorazepam (LZP) to reduce pain and anxiety. Studies have suggested that benzodiazepines may increase the risk of developing acute brain dysfunction, [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:07:53+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on IMPACTS OF ANXIOLYTIC MEDICATION TYPE ON INTENSIVE CARE UNIT LENGTH OF STAY

INFLUENCE OF PUBLIC OR PRIVATE ASSISTANCE IN THE CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND OUTCOMES OF PATIENTS WITH ST-ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

Background: Previous studies suggest that the type of healthcare is associated with distinct clinical characteristics and outcomes,  but there are few studies addressing this in patients with a ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in our country. Methods: [...]

By | 2017-04-20T19:00:58+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts|Comments Off on INFLUENCE OF PUBLIC OR PRIVATE ASSISTANCE IN THE CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND OUTCOMES OF PATIENTS WITH ST-ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION