PREDICTORS OF 1 YEAR MORTALITY AMONG PATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE HOSPITAL WITH ACUTE HEART FAILURE

Junya Arai, M.D.*1;Eiji Hiraoka, M.D.1;Shunsuke Kojima, M.D.1;Yosuke Homma, M.D.1 and Osamu Takahashi, M.D., MPH, Ph.D.2, (1)Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Center, Urayasu City, Chiba Pref., Japan, (2)St. Luke's International University, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Meeting: Hospital Medicine 2017, May 1-4, 2017; Las Vegas, Nev.

Abstract number: 67

Categories: Outcomes Research, Research Abstracts

Keywords: ,

Background: Acute heart failure (AHF) is the major cause of hospital admission and death. Furthermore, patients admitted with AHF have high readmission rates and  postdischarge mortality. Although there have been some reports, which demonstrated the predictive factors of death among patients of acute heart failure in the USA and Europe, there has been no studies which investigate the factors predicting 1 year mortality of AHF in Japan. The objective of our study is to investigate the predictors of death within 1 year among patients admitted with AHF in Japan.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who were admitted to our acute care teaching hospital with a primary diagnosis of AHF between April 2013 and March 2015. Patient’s characteristics, DNR status, laboratory and echocardiography data as well as mortality were collected by retrospective chart review or telephone interviews in cases of data deficit. The factors associated with 1 year mortality were analyzed by multivariate regression analysis.

Results: The number of patients was 394. The mean age was 73.2 years (standard deviation;14.34) and 219 (55.6%) were male. The baseline characteristics compared with previous studies are presented at Table 1. 63 (16%) patients died within 1 year. The multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that the independent predictors of mortality were older age (≧75 years), lower body mass index (BMI<18kg/m2), the presence of Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order on admission, lower hemoglobin (Hb) level (Hb<10g/dl), higher BUN (BUN≧43mg/dL). (Table 2)

Conclusions: Our study showed that the age≧75 years, BMI<18kg/m2, presence of DNR order, Hb<10g/dl, and BUN≧43mg/dL on admission were predictors of 1 year mortality of AHF. However, our study was performed in a single center; therefore, we need to perform a validation study in different hospitals in Japan.

To cite this abstract:

Arai, J; Hiraoka, E; Kojima, S; Homma, Y; Takahashi, O . PREDICTORS OF 1 YEAR MORTALITY AMONG PATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE HOSPITAL WITH ACUTE HEART FAILURE. Abstract published at Hospital Medicine 2017, May 1-4, 2017; Las Vegas, Nev. Abstract 67. Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2017; 12 (suppl 2). https://www.shmabstracts.com/abstract/predictors-of-1-year-mortality-among-patients-admitted-in-the-hospital-with-acute-heart-failure/. Accessed September 17, 2019.

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